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Department of History - Research Seminar Series
Date: 16 January 2013 Time: 5.00 pm
Venue: Bowland North SR23
Department of History Research Seminar Series, in conjunction with the Department of European Languages and Cultures
Lent Term 2012-13
Anti-Semitic Legislation in Italy from the National Socialist Perspective - in 1938 and the early 1940s
Dr Killian Bartikowski, DAAD/Lancaster
With the "Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service" of 1933 and the "Nuremberg Laws" of 1935 the National Socialist government introduced anti-Semitic legislation in Germany. In November 1938 the Italian government likewise adopted anti-Semitic legislation. For many years the Italian laws were seen as copying the German ones, but more recently scholars have shown that the Italian example had its own development. In fact, documents show that German diplomats were astonished by the Italian situation.
This paper stresses the German situation, showing particularly that opinion in Berlin was not homogenous. The German view-point changed due to the fact of its own radicalization. In 1941 Walter Gross, head of the Office of Racial Politics and a former supporter of racial cooperation between Germany and Italy, emphasized the differences in anti-Semitic legislation and demanded a homogenization of anti-Semitic definitions. The German viewpoint became more dominant and radical because the German government had already started its own extermination policy and hardly accepted other forms of anti-Semitism.
Kilian Bartikowski is DAAD Lektor in Lancaster University. He is the author of Der italienische Antisemitismus im Urteil des Nationalsozialismus 1933-1943 (forthcoming 2013) and articles in related areas.
All staff and PGR students are warmly invited to History research seminars
Who can attend: Internal
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