You can interact with the Majordomo software by sending messages addressed to majordomo (at) lists.lancs.ac.uk with commands in the body of the message.
Tip for Outlook 2007/2010 Users
The Majordomo system 'prefers' messages to be sent to it in 'text only' format. To ensure that Outlook 2007 sends your message to Majordomo in 'text only' format do the following:
- start a message
- click on the 'Options' menu.
- click on the 'As Plain Text' option (in the 'Format' section) - see advice dialog.
- click 'Continue' button.
- create message as usual.
Note - do NOT put your commands on the subject line; Majordomo does not process commands in the subject line.
You can put multiple Majordomo commands in the same mail message:
- put each command on a line by itself.
If you use a 'signature' at the end of your mail messages:
- add a last line containing the word: end
This will prevent Majordomo from trying to interpret your signature as commands.
Finding Out Which Lists Are On The System
To get a list of publicly-available mailing lists on this system, put the following line in the body of an email message to Majordomo (at) lists.lancs.ac.uk:
To get more information about a particular list, use the "info" command, supplying the name of the list. For example, if the name of the list about which you wish information is "demo-list", you would put the line:
in the body of the mail message (substituting the real name of your list for "demo-list").
Subscribing To a List
Once you've determined that you wish to subscribe to one or more lists on this system, you can send commands to Majordomo to have it add you to the list, so you can begin receiving mailings.
To receive 'list' mail at the address from which you're sending your mail, simply say "subscribe" followed by the list's name:
subscribe demo-list (substituting the real name of your list for "demo-list")
Upon subscribing, you should receive an introductory message, containing list policies and features. Save this message for future reference; it will also contain exact directions for unsubscribing. If you lose the intro mail and would like another copy of the policies, send this message to Majordomo (at) lists.lancs.ac.uk:
Unsubscribing From Mail Lists
Your original 'intro' message contains the exact command which should be used to remove your address from the list. However, in most cases, you may simply send the command "unsubscribe" followed by the list name:
(This command may fail if your provider has changed the way your address is shown in your mail.)
To remove the address in question from all lists on this server by using "*" in place of the list name:
Finding The Lists To Which an Address Is Subscribed
To find the lists to which your address is subscribed, send this command in the body of a mail message to Majordomo@lists.lancs.ac.uk:
You can look for other addresses, or parts of an address, by specifying the text for which Majordomo should search. For instance, to find which users at my-isp.com are subscribed to which lists, you might send the command:
Note - that many list owners completely or fully disable the "which" command, considering it a privacy violation.
Finding Out Who is Subscribed To A List
To get a list of the addresses on a particular list, you may use the "who" command, followed by the name of the list:
Note - that many list owners allow only a list's subscribers to use the "who" command, or disable it completely, believing it to be a privacy violation.
Retrieving Files From A List's Archives
Many list owners keep archives of files associated with a list. These may include:
- back issues of the list.
- help files, user profiles, and other documents associated with the list.
- daily, monthly, or yearly archives for the list.
To find out if a list has any files associated with it, use the "index" command:
If you see files in which you're interested, you may retrieve them by using the "get" command and specifying the list name and archive filename. For instance, to retrieve the files called "profile.form" (presumably a form to fill out with your profile) and "demo-list.9611" (presumably the messages posted to the list in November 1996), you would put the lines:
get demo-list profile.form
get demo-list demo-list.9611
in your mail to Majordomo (at) lists.lancs.ac.uk.
Getting More Help
To contact a human site manager, send mail to Majordomo-Owner (at) lists.lancs.ac.uk . To contact the owner of a specific list, send mail to that list's approval address, which is formed by adding "-approval" to the user-name portion of the list's address. For instance, to contact the list owner for demo-list (at) lists.lancs.ac.uk, you would send mail to demo-list-approval (at) lists.lancs.ac.uk.
To get another copy of this help message, send mail to Majordomo@lists.lancs.ac.uk with a line saying:
in the message body.
Command Summary For Advanced Users
The items contained in [<square brackets>] are optional. When providing the item, do not include the 's around it.
Items in angle brackets, such as <address>, are meta-symbols that should be replaced by appropriate text without the angle brackets.
It understands the following commands:
subscribe [<list>] [<address>]
Subscribe yourself (or <address> if specified) to the named <list>.
unsubscribe [<list>] [<address>] - unsubscribe yourself (or <address> if specified) from the named <list>. "unsubscribe *" will remove you (or <address>) from all lists. This _may not_ work if you have subscribed using multiple addresses.
get [<list>] <filename> - get a file related to <list>.
index [<list>] - return an index of files you can "get" for <list>.
which [<address>] - find out which lists you (or <address> if specified) are on.
who [<list>] - find out who is on the named <list>.
info [<list>] - retrieve the general introductory information for the named <list>.
intro [<list>] - retrieve the introductory message sent to new users. Non-subscribers may not be able to retrieve this.
lists - show the lists served by this Majordomo server.
help - retrieve this message.
end - stop processing commands (useful if your mailer adds a signature).
Commands should be sent in the body of an email message to "Majordomo (at) lists.lancs.ac.uk" or to "<list>-request (at) lists.lancs.ac.uk".
The <list> parameter is only optional if the message is sent to an address of the form "<list>-request (at) lists.lancs.ac.uk". Multiple commands can be processed provided each occurs on a separate line.
Commands in the "Subject:" line are NOT processed.
If you have any questions or problems, please contact "Majordomo-Owner (at) lists.lancs.ac.uk".